A bija mantra, also known as a seed mantra, is a one-syllable sound used in meditation or yoga practice. The term comes from the Sanskrit, bija, meaning “seed,” man, meaning “to think,” and tra, meaning “liberate.”
A Beej Mantra is the shortest form of a Mantra just like a beej (seed) which when sown grows into a tree. Similarly beej mantras of different Gods, when recited together give humans lot of positive energy and blessings of all the Gods. They are the vibrations, and represent the "call" of the soul. It is a belief that when the universe was created then the sounds produce during the cosmic evolution are basically the beej mantra.
The best known bija mantra is Om (or Aum), which is the sound of Brahman, the vibration or primordial sound. It is often chanted during yoga practice and meditation.
"Om" is further expanded into the following types of beej
Om: ॐ - sahasrara (crown) chakra
This beej mantra is the mystic name for the Hindu Trimurti, and represents the union of the three gods, viz. ‘A’ for Brahma, ‘U’ for Vishnu and ‘M’ for Mahadev Shiva. The three sounds also symbolize the three Vedas (Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda).
Kreem: क्रीं - believed to awaken the lower chakras.
This is Goddess Kali beej mantra. Kali Mata gives us health, strength, all round success and protects from evil powers. This mantra creates a strong base for Kali Mahavidya Sadhana. In this mantra ‘ Ka ' is Maa Kali , ‘ Ra ' is Brahman, and ‘ ee ' is Mahamaya. ‘ Nada ' is the Mother of the Universe, and bindu is the dispeller of sorrow.
Shreem: श्रीं - thought to promote health, joy and beauty.
This is the beej mantra for Goddess Mahalaxmi. It is recited for wealth, material gains, success in business or profession, elimination of ailments & worries, protection, getting beautiful wife, happy married life and all round success. ‘ Sha ' is Maha Lakshmi, ‘ Ra ' means wealth. ‘ Ee ' is satisfaction or contentment. Nada is the manifested Brahman, and bindu is the dispeller of sorrow.
This is the beej mantra for Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva protects from sudden death, fatal diseases, gives immortality, moksha and all round success if a person recites it with devotion along with the mantras of Shiva.
This is the beej Mantra of Maa Durga . It is recited for power, strength,protection, health, wealth, victory, wisdom, knowledge, elimination of enemies & grave problems, happy married life and all round success. ‘ Da ' means Durga, and ‘ U ' means to protect. Nada means Mother of the universe, and bindu signifies worship.
Hreem: ह्रीं - associated with creativity, purification of the heart and healing.
This is the Mantra of Mahamaya or Bhuvaneshwari. The best and the most powerful make a person leader of men and help get a person all he needs. ‘ Ha ' means Shiva, ‘ Ra ' is prakriti, ‘ ee ' means Mahamaya. Nada is the Mother of the Universe, and bindu is the dispeller of sorrow.
Ayeim: ऐं -
This is the beej Mantra of Devi Saraswati. Goddess Saraswati is the goddess of knowledge of all fields and with the recitation of this mantra one can attain knowledge, wisdom and success in any field. ‘ Ai ' stands for Saraswati, and bindu is the dispeller of sorrow.
This is the beej mantra of Lord Ganapati. Lord Ganesha gives His devotees knowledge, wisdom, protection, fortune, happiness, health, wealth and eliminate all obstacles. ‘ Ga ' means Ganesha, and bindu is the dispeller of sorrow.
This is the beej mantra for Lord Hanuman. Chanting of it gives unlimited strength, power, protection, wisdom, happiness, elimination of bad spirits & ghosts, victory over enemies and all round success.
This is beej mantra for Lord Vishnu. With recitation of it a person gets wealth, health, protection, happy married life, happiness, victory and all round success.
This is the beej mantra of Lord Bhairav. It is recited for strength, protection, victory, health, wealth, happiness, fame, success in court cases, elimination of enemies, and all round success.
This is the beej mantra for Goddess Dhoomavati. Chanting of this mantra gives quick eradication of all enemies, strength, fortune, protection, health, wealth and all round success.
This is the beej mantra for Goddess Bagalamukhi. It is recited for quick elimination of all enemies, power, victory, fame, and all round success.
Treem : त्रीं
This is the beej mantra for Goddess Tara. Recitation of this mantra gives unending financial gain, unlimited wealth, fortune, fame, happiness, victory and all round success.
This is a beej mantra of Lord Narsimha. Lord Narsimha removes humans all sorrows and fears and bring quick victory over enemies. This also creates a strong base for other Narsimha sadhanas.
This is the beej mantra of Lord Kuber. It is recited for massive monetary gain, wealth, fortune and all round success.
Ham: हं - energizes the body and eliminates negativity.
This beej mantra is receited for awakening of Kundalini. It is chanted for activating the Akash Tatva (space element) in us which gets us siddhis and eliminates ailments related to this element.
Ram: रां - manipura (solar plexus) chakra
This beej mantra is related to Agni Tatva (fire element). Chanting of this mantra activates the Agni Tatva and eliminates ailments related to this element. It is helpful for quicker awakening of Kundalini.
Yam: यं - anahata (heart) chakra
This beej mantra is related to Vayu Tatva (air element). Chanting of this mantra activates the Vayu Tatva and eliminates ailments related to this element. Activation of all elements leads to quicker awakening of Kundalini
Ksham: क्षं - ajna (third eye) chakra
This is related to the Prithvi Tatva (earth element) in us which gets us siddhis and eliminates ailments related to this element. Activation of all elements leads to quicker awakening of Kundalini and enables a sadhak to access all supernatural powers.
Tam: तं -
This beej mantra is for getting rid of disease, worry, fear and illusions.